In 1989, The Elephant Conservation Act of 1989 created the legal foundation for protecting elephants throughout Africa. Using this law, African governments assisted with funding from western governments and environmental organizations, embarked upon an intense campaign establishing Wildlife Agencies in individual countries to combat illegal poaching and arrest ivory traders. This systematic effort reduced poaching for the illegal ivory trade throughout Africa and the elephant was brought back form the brink.
Today, however, these large populations are once again threatened by poaching pressures brought on by a resurgence in the illegal ivory trade. this in turn has stimulated new and creative responses from African conservation organizations. At the following link read about what Kenya is doing to combat this renewed threat form the illegal ivory trade